The European Commission's Eurostat has published the third edition of "Cultural Statistics". The publication builds on the data retrieved at the end of 2015 and focuses on the economic dimension of culture and participation in culture. In addition the publication presents some contextual data on students in cultural fields of study, learning languages and international tertiary students' mobility. Some information about the EU and international initiatives concerning cultural heritage, like World Heritage List of UNESCO or European Heritage Label, is comprised as well.
A selection of indicators on culture presented are:
cultural employment - It was found that overall employment in cultural jobs - among them writers, dancers, librarians - increased, while the weight of cultural employment within the overall employment stagnated or decreased in several cases. More men (53%) than womean held cultural jobs.
cultural enterprises - The turnover of the cultural sector lies at 300 million Euro.
international trade in cultural goods - Cultural goods were defined as products of artistic creativity that convey artistic, symbolic and aesthetic values; examples are antiques, works of art, books, music instruments, newspapers, photos, films and music (CDs and DVDs). Between 2008 and 2014 the cultural trade went from a deficit to a surplus.
cultural participation - The involvement of people in cultural activities includes visits to cultural sites such as museums. Educational background was a siginificant factor for the involvement of adults in different cultural activities, ranging from visits to cultural sites to reading books and going to the cinema. With an average share of 57% of visits to cultural sites, most visitors had a higher educational attainment. Countries with large differences between the different educational levels also displayed the highest rates of people not having visited any cultural sites at all. Data from 17 EU Member states was available, in 8 the number of visits to cultural sites decreased since 2011 (and 2007).
use of information and communication technology for cultural purposes - Here the number of households with internet access is connected with internet users and their reading of online news articles, playing or downloading games, images, films, music and creating websites, blogs or consulting wikis
private cultural expenditure - A total of 3.6% of EU private household means' expenditure was on cultural goods and services. In average 1.2% of household expenditures for cultural services and goods were spent on museums, libraries and zoological gardens, in Belgium th value was at 3.6%.
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